Bullying has a negative impact on everyone involved; the target, the bully and the bystanders. Bullying can lead to physical injury, social problems, emotional problems, and even death. Children and adolescents who are bullied are at increased risk for mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, headaches, and problems adjusting to school. It also can cause long-term damage to self-esteem.
Students who are bullied
Kids who are bullied can experience negative physical, school, and mental health issues. Kids who are bullied are more likely to experience:
Students who bully others
Students who intentionally bully others should be held accountable for their actions. Those who bully their peers are also more likely than those students who do not bully others to:
Students who are bystanders
Students who witness bullying may:
Bullying is often a vicious circle and all adults, including teachers, school staff and parents, should model positive bystander behaviour and intervene if they observe bullying behaviour occurring between students. When bullying continues and a school does not take action, the entire school climate can be affected by students having difficulty learning, feel insecure and dislike school. Students also feel helpless when they perceive that teachers and staff have little control and don’t care about them.
But one must note that not all students who bully others have obvious behavior problems or are engaged in rule-breaking activities, however. Some of them are highly skilled socially and good at ingratiating themselves with their teacher and other adults. This is true of some boys who bully, but is perhaps even more common among bullying girls. For this reason, it is often difficult for adults to discover or even imagine that these students engage in bullying behavior.
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